Dioscorea (Shanyao)

Dioscorea (Shanyao)

Pharmaceutical Name: Rhizoma Dioscoreae
Botanical Name: Dioscorea opposita Thunb.
Common Name:Chinese Yam
Source of Earliest Record: Shennong Bencao Jing
art Used & Method for Pharmaceutical Preparations: The rhizomes are dug in the period of Frost's Descent (eighteenth solar term). After the rough bark has been removed, the rhizomes are cleaned and dried in either the sun or the shade. Then, they are soaked again and cut into slices.
Properties and Taste: Sweet and neutral
Meridian: Lung and kidney
Functions: To strengthen the spleen and stomach
To tonify the lungs and kidneys
Indications and Combinations: 1.     Weakness of the spleen and stomach manifested as poor appetite, diarrhea and lassitude.
*Use with Ginseng (Renshen), White atractylodes (Baizhu) and Poria (Fuling) in the formula Shen Ling Baizhu San.

2. Excessive dampness due to deficiency of the spleen manifested as whitish and dilute leukorrhagia and lassitude.
*Use with White atractylodes (Baizhu), Poria (Fuling) and Euryale seed (Qianshi).

3.   Excessive dampness transforming into heat manifested as yellow leukorrhea.
*Use with Phellodendron bark (Huangbai) and Plantain seed (Cheqianzi) in the formula Yihuang Tang.

4.     Leukorrhagia due to deficient kidneys manifested as leukorrhagia and lower back pain.
*Use with Dogwood fruit (Shanzhuyu) and Dadder seed (Tusizi).

5.     Diabetes manifested as extreme thirst, excessive drinking, excessive food intake, profuse urination and lassitude.
*Use with Astragalus root (Huangqi), Trichosanthes root (Tianhuafen), Fresh rehmannia root (Shengdihuang) and Pueraria root (Gegen) in the formula Yuye Tang.

6.    Nocturnal emissions due to deficient kidneys.
*Use with Dogwood fruit (Shanzhuyu) and Prepared rehmannia root (Shudihuang) in the formula Liuwei Dihuang Wan.

7.      Frequent urination due to kidney deficiency.
*Use with Bitter cardamom (Yizhiren) and Mantis egg case (Sangpiaoxiao).

8.      Chronic cough due to deficient lungs.
*Use with Glehnia root (Shashen), Ophiopogon root (Maidong) and Schisandra fruit (Wuweizi).
Dosage: 10-30 g; 6-10 g (for powder)
Cautions: This herb is contraindicated during food retention.