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Hawthorn Fruit (Shanzha)

Pharmaceutical Name:

Fructus Crataegi

Botanical Name:

Crataegus cuneata Sieb, et Zucc
Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var Major N. E. Br.
Crataegus pinnatifida Bge.

Common Name:

Hawthorn fruit
Crataegus fruit

Source of Earliest Record:

Xinxiu Bencao

Part Used & Method for Pharmaceutical Preparations:

The fruit is gathered in late autumn or in the beginning of winter, dried in the sun and fried, or raw, fruit may be used.

Properties and Taste:

Sour, sweet, and slightly warm


Spleen, stomach, and liver


To eliminate food retention
To investigate blood circulation and remove stagnation

Indications and Combinations:

1.     Food retention (especially of fatty food) accompanied by abdominal and epigastric distension, pain and diarrhea.
*Use with Medicated leaven (Shenqu), germinated barley (Maiya), Costus root (Muxiang) and Bitter orange (Zhiqiao).

2.      Postpartum abdominal pain and lochia due to blood stagnation.
*Use wi
th Chinese angelica root (Danggui), Chuanxiong rhizome (Chuanxiong and Motherwort (Yimucao).


10-15 g